6 Ways You Are Safer Thanks to NASA Technology

By now everyone knows that we are to thank for the memory foam in your mattress and the camera in your cell
phone. (Right?
Right
.)

But our technology is often
also involved behind the scenes—in ways that make the products we use daily
safer and stronger, and in some cases, that can even save lives.

Here are some examples from this
year’s edition of Spinoff
, our yearly
roundup of “space in your life”:

Impact Testing

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What happens to your car bumper
in an accident? When does it crumple and when does it crack? And are all
bumpers coming off the assembly line created equal?

These types of questions are
incredibly important when designing a safe car, and one technology that helps almost
every U.S. automobile manufacturer find answers is something we helped develop
when we had similar questions about the Space Shuttle.

Before flying again after the
Columbia disaster in 2003, we had to be sure we understood what went wrong and how
to prevent it from ever happening again. We worked with Trilion, Inc. to
develop a system using
high-speed cameras and software
to analyze every impact—from the one that
actually happened on the Shuttle to any others we could imagine—and design
fixes.

Finding Survivors

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We’re pretty good at finding things
you can’t see with the naked eye—from distant exoplanets to water on Mars.

But there are also plenty of
uses for that know-how on Earth.

One example that has already
saved lives: locating
heartbeats under debris.

Engineers at our Jet Propulsion Laboratory adapted
technology first devised to look for gravity fluctuations to create FINDER,
which stands for Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency
Response and can detect survivors through dense rubble.

We have licensed the technology
to two companies, including R4, and it has already been used in natural
disaster responses, including after earthquakes in Nepal, Mexico City, Ecuador,
and after Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico.

Fighting Forest Fires

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As we have seen this year with
devastating wildfires in California, forest fires can spread incredibly quickly.

Knowing when to order an
evacuation, where to send firefighters, and how to make every other
decision—all amid a raging inferno—depends on having the most up-to-date
information as quickly as possible.

Using our expertise in remote
sensing and communicating from space, we helped the U.S. Forest
Service
make its process faster and more reliable, so the data from airborne
sensors gets to decision makers on the front line and at the command center in
the blink of an eye.

Safer, Germ-Free Ambulances 

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When paramedics come racing into a home, the last thing
anybody is worrying about is where the ambulance was earlier that morning. A
device we helped create ensures you won’t have to.

AMBUstat creates a fog
that sterilizes
every surface in an ambulance in minutes, so any bacteria,
viruses or other contaminants won’t linger on to infect the next patient.

This technology works its magic
through the power of atomic oxygen—the unpaired oxygen atoms that are common in
the upper reaches of Earth’s atmosphere. We’ve had to learn about these atoms
to devise ways to ensure they won’t destroy our spacecraft or harm astronauts,
but here, we were able to use that knowledge to direct that destructive power
at germs.

Air Filters 

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Did you know the air we breathe
inside buildings is often up to 10 times more polluted than the air outdoors?

Put the air under a microscope
and it’s not pretty, but a discovery we made in the 1990s can make a big
impact.

We were working on a way to clear
a harmful chemical that accumulates around plants growing on a spacecraft, and
it turned out to also neutralize bacteria, viruses, and mold and eliminate
volatile organic compounds.

Now air purifiers using this
technology
are deployed in hospital operating rooms, restaurant kitchens,
and even major baseball stadiums to improve air quality and keep everyone
healthier. Oh, and you can buy one for your house, too.

Driverless Cars 

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Car companies are moving
full-speed ahead to build the driverless cars of the not-so-distant future. Software first created to help
self-learning robots navigate on Mars may help keep passengers and pedestrians
safer once those cars hit the road. The software creates an
artificially intelligent “brain
” for a car (or drone, for that matter) that
can automatically identify and differentiate between cars, trucks, pedestrians,
cyclists, and more, helping ensure the car doesn’t endanger any of them. 

So, now that you know a few of the spinoff technologies that we helped develop, you can look for them throughout your day. Visit our page to learn about more spinoff technologies: https://spinoff.nasa.gov

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